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"Fremantle is a beautiful place"

Fremantle is a special place for people all over the world but few of us understand its significance to traditional owners, the Whadjuk Nyoongar people that has sustained them for over 50 000 years.

The City of Fremantle has completed an important consultation process with traditional owners of Fremantle or Walyalup as it is known, that speaks about this significance.

The stories are told of the area known as Walyalup which means the “place of the Walyo or Woylie” or kangaroo rat. It’s a place of strong social, spiritual, cultural and historic significance to the Whadjuk Nyoongar people.

Walyalup (Fremantle)
Bidi (trails) lead people from inland camps to Walyalup where they conduct ceremonial and cultural business, hunt, camp and fish.

Manjaree (meeting place and camp) is acknowledged by the Whadjuk Nyoongar people as the place where trading valuable items and families of people gather for kinship and law making; where mothers, fathers, and old people get together; and where young men and women whom have ‘come of age’ meet future husbands and wives.

One of the most important bidi (trails) was the sandbar or limestone rock bar crossing at the mouth of Derbal Yaragan (Swan River). This crossing facilitated seasonal travel based on the Nyoongar seasons and for cultural and ceremonial activities.

Walyalup was a shared space between many Nyoongar people and was an important place of trade and exchange. It was also a place where Nyoongar people held their funeral rites.

The Nyoongar people had their traditional camping grounds in and around the area including on sites known as Fremantle Park, East Fremantle Oval, Tradewinds Hotel, Fremantle Cemetery, South Beach and Coogee Beach.

Walyalup Aboriginal Cultural Centre (WACC)
The cultural centre on Captains Lane in the Bathers Beach Art Precinct showcases Aboriginal art, culture and history. It’s a place where you can connect with Whadjuk Nyoongar people and culture.

The centre runs a program of workshops to coincide with the Nyoongar seasons including language classes, movie screenings, exhibitions, bush food workshops and art classes. Check fremantlestory.com.au for the latest program and centre opening times.

Dwerda Weeardinup (Cantonment Hill)
Dwerda Weeardinup, place of the dog (dingo) spirit, provides some of the most spectacular views of Fremantle overlooking the Derbal Yaragan (Swan River) and Fremantle Harbour. It’s located on the south side of the river at the intersection of Queen Victoria Street and Canning Highway.

According to the traditional owners Dwerda Weeardinup is one of the seven hills of Walyalup (Fremantle) associated with the dreaming story about the Seven Sisters. This dreaming story is one of the widest ranging song lines in Australia that extends from the Central Desert to the West Coast of Australia.

Due to quarrying of limestone in Fremantle, Dwerda Weeardinup (and Clontarf Hill in the South) are the only two of the seven hills left, although other traditional owners say that the dreaming hills are still there and still connects people to their dreaming stories.

It is also associated with the Walyalup dreaming story about the Waugal and the Yondock. The story tells of Yondock, an ancestral crocodile that travelled down from the north, causing floods and disturbances, creating Wadjemup (Rottnest Island), Ngooloorayaup (Carnac Island), Derbal Nara (Cockburn Sound) and flooding the Derbal Yaragan (Swan River) with salt water.

The Waugal (rainbow serpent), guardian of the fresh water, smells the salt and travels down Derbal Yarragan to see what’s happening. With advice from Woorriji (a lizard) in a cave in North Fremantle and strength gained from a freshwater spring at the East Street Jetty, the Waugal fights the crocodile, bites off his tail and places the tail across the mouth of the river to prevent salt water coming up stream.

The tail is secured with hair from the armpits of the Waugal on the southern side of the river, and with toenails from the crocodile on the north side of river (the site where the Dingo Flour Mill sits). The rest of the crocodile’s body remains as Meeandip (Garden Island) and dingoes watch from Dwerda Weeardinup (Cantonment Hill) to make sure the spirit of the crocodile is not reunited with its tail.

Note: The information, stories and names in this article have been sourced from Statements of Significance for the Fremantle Area and Registered Aboriginal Sites prepared by Moodjar Consultancy for the City of Fremantle, March 2016. View the document document at fremantle.wa.gov.au/statementsofsignificance

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Related image for A taste of Freo | Chicken Kibbeh (Chef Kurt Sampson)

A taste of Freo | Chicken Kibbeh (Chef Kurt Sampson)

One of our team has recently tried this dish at Propeller and can verify its deliciousness. After such rave reviews we think it’s definitely worth a try at home. Thanks so much to Propeller for sharing the recipe.
(We think we’ve noticed a typo. Can you pick it?)

Ingredients (makes 20)

Outer layer

1 kg chicken mince
200 g cracked wheat / bulgur wheat
1/2 cup of water
2 tsp allspice
1 tsp cinnamon
good pinch of salt

Stuffing

340g chicken mince
1 finely diced onion
zest of one lemon
80 g chopped pistachios
125 g diced dates
pinch of sumac
chilli flakes to taste
salt and pepper

Directions

Outer layer

  1. Add water to cracked wheat / bulgur wheat and let stand until softened (about 20 minutes).
  2. Add spices, chopped onion, wheat and salt to chicken mince and mix until combined.

Stuffing

  1. Sauté onions in a pan.
  2. Add chicken mince.
  3. Once cooked, add lemon zest, chopped pistachios, diced dates, sumac, chilli flakes, salt, pepper and mix until combined.

Making the kibbeh

  1. Take about 50 g of outer layer mixture and flatten it out in the palm of your hand.
  2. Then take a good heaped teaspoon of stuffing mixture and place it in the centre of the flattened outer layer mixture.
  3. Fold the outer layer mixture around the stuffing mixture (making sure the outer layer completely encases the stuffing).
  4. Shape into a ball.
  5. Repeat until all of the mixtures are used.
  6. These can be cooked two ways; deep fried until golden brown or bake in an oven at 180c for 10–15 minutes until golden brown.
  7. Serve with tahini yoghurt, quick pickled cucumbers and radishes or plain yoghurt, tomato, cucumber and parsley.

Last but not least, serve it up with a nice bottle of Rosé (from one of Freo’s bottle shops of course) to go with it and just before you tuck in take an insta and share it with us #Fremantlestory.

 

Ed
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How to make a terrarium

With the school year officially over and Christmas approaching there’s a bit more time to encourage the kids to make Christmas presents for loved ones and friends.

The gorgeous team at Inkling Art Space have an inexpensive and simple project for kids to get into the festive spirit....how to make a terrarium. Watch the video or follow the instructions below.

 

Materials
Clean glass jar
Small plants
Potting mix
Gravel
Optional extras–fly screen, shells, gems and tiny decorative objects

Instructions
1. Pour gravel into the jar up to 1.5 cm.
2. Add a piece of fly screen to stop the soil from mixing with the gravel (optional).
3. Add a layer of potting mix up to 2 cm.
4. Place plants inside the jar and check the lid will go on without crushing the plants.
5. When you are happy with how the plants look, cover the roots with soil.
6. Add some decorative shells or gravel.
7. Water the plants and screw the lid on.
Tip: You can decorate the lid of your terrarium by spray painting it or gluing cool things on.

Maintaining your terrarium
• Water lightly once a week or so (check if there is water in the gravel)
• If it is too wet, leave the lid open for a while
• Leave the lid off if you are using cacti or succulents–they do not like being too wet

PS: Inkling Arts Space are running their ‘Terrific Terrariums’ workshop on 5 January (we’d recommend booking to make sure you don’t miss out). Check the school holiday pages for details and find other summer school holiday classes and workshops in Fremantle. Download the official school holiday program here.

Ed
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